Fire engine for coal mine in Kosovo

Fire fighting in open pit lignite mining with a fire fighting vehicle

In coal mining, lignite seams are at risk of spontaneous ignition after a certain time and after the occurrence of certain factors. These fires are then almost uncontrollable and affect mine safety, destroy resources and are also extremely harmful to the environment. In order to prevent this spontaneous ignition, it is important to keep the coal surfaces moist.

The mine operators, supported by the EU, therefore wanted to produce a mixture of water and foam with relatively low pumping capacity but the highest possible water pressure to create a fine and efficient steam jet that would keep the coal banks humid and thus free of fire.


The fire-fighting vehicle should be extremely mobile and highly terrain-capable, the pump with water cannon should be swivelling and adjustable in height.

In the operating area, an open-cast mine in south-eastern Europe, the length of the coal seams is approx. 1,000 m each, the height approx. 30 m. The pump was to be equipped with a water cannon.


The contract was awarded to Boss Pro-Tec GmbH in September, delivery and transport took place in January. The commissioning and training of the firefighters was carried out by our professional firefighter in February.

Scope of delivery

We delivered a UNIMOG U 2100 fire fighting vehicle with a special fire extinguishing structure consisting of a 5000 litre water tank and a 500 litre foam agent tank, both connected to a powerful diesel motor pump mounted at the rear, output approx. 1000 litres/minute.

Among other things, this operates a water cannon/monitor, capacity
max. 400 l/min. mounted on the roof of the cab.
The throwing distance is approx. 80 m and can be controlled by the driver or passenger from the cab.

The basic vehicle guarantees maximum mobility in difficult terrain and is additionally equipped with all necessary accessories to provide assistance even in conventional civilian operations. The water tank can be filled directly from the water pipes laid along the conveyor belts or via the pump from fire extinguishing ponds.